A Study on the Effects of Construction Project Delays in Somaliland Construction Industry

Adebayo Adeboye Fashina, Funke Folasade Fakunle, Mustafe Abdillahi Omar
DOI Number: 
The aim of this study is to fill a significant knowledge gap by exploring the effects of delays in construction projects in Somaliland construction industry. Prior to the questionnaire design, a systematic literature review was conducted to identify five most common effects of delays in construction projects, globally. Based on simple random sampling approach, data was collected from 51 stakeholders from the different construction companies in Hargeisa using a questionnaire survey. Feedback from the stakeholders was analyzed using mean values and Relative Importance Index (RII) for ranking purposes. The results showed that legal action, cost overrun, and complete project abandonment are the three most ranked effect of delays in construction projects in Somaliland, respectively. The implications of these findings are very important as they provide practical, research, policy, and social values that expands the understanding the effects of project delay in global construction industry. This would allow impending academic researchers that might want to conduct research work in this area to validate their findings in the future. The major construction stakeholders are recommended to make use of the appropriate strategies needed to take proactive measures to mitigate the identified effects when executing future construction projects in Hargeisa and elsewhere.
Construction Delay, Construction Projects, Cost Overrun, Effects of Construction Delays, Law Suit, Somaliland Construction Industry.
Full Text: 
File download

Ahmed, S.M., S. Azhar, P. Kappagntula and D. Gollapudil, 2003. Delays in construction: A brief study of the Florida construction industry. In Proceedings of the 39th Annual ASC Conference (pp. 257-266), April 10-12, 2003, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Aibinu, A. A., & Jagboro, G. O. (2002). The effects of construction delays on project delivery in Nigerian construction industry. International journal of project management, 20(8), 593-599. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(02)00028-5
Allen, I. E., & Seaman, C. A. (2007). Likert scales and data analyses. Quality Progress, 40(7), 64-65.
Amoatey, C. T., Ameyaw, Y. A., Adaku, E., & Famiyeh, S. (2015). Analysing delay causes and effects in Ghanaian state housing construction projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 8(1), 198-214. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-04-2014-0035
Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02310555
Doloi, H., Sawhney, A., Iyer, K. C., & Rentala, S. (2012). Analysing factors affecting delays in Indian construction projects. International journal of project management, 30(4), 479-489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.10.004
Fakunle, F. F., Opiti, C., Sheikh, A. A., & Fashina, A. A. (2020). Major barriers to the enforcement and violation of building codes and regulations: a global perspective. SPC Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(1), 12-18.
Fakunle, F. F., & Fashina, A. A. (2020). Major delays in construction projects: A global overview. PM World Journal, IX(V).
Fashina, A. A., Fakunle, F. F. & Opiti, C. (2020). Exploring the common delay factors related to major parties involved in construction projects: A systematic review. PM World Journal, IX(V).
Gamil, Y., & Rahman, I. A. (2017). Identification of causes and effects of poor communication in construction industry: A theoretical review. Emerging Science Journal, 1(4), 239-247. https://doi.org/10.28991/ijse-01121
Gliem, J. a, & Gliem, R. R. (2003). Calculating, interpreting, and reporting Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient for Likert-Type Scales, 2003 Midwest Research to Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education. https://doi.org/10.1109/PROC.1975.9792
Gliem, J. A., & Gliem, R. R. (2003). Calculating, interpreting, and reporting Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient for Likert-type scales. In Proceedings of Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education, Columbus, 82-88. https://hdl.handle.net/1805/344
Haseeb, M., Lu, X., Bibi, A., Dyian, M. U., & Rabbani, W. (2011). Causes and effects of delays in large construction projects of Pakistan. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 33(832), 1-25.
Haseeb, M., Bibi, A., & Rabbani, W. (2011). Problems of projects and effects of delays in the construction industry of Pakistan. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 1(5), 41-50.
Ibironke, O. T., Oladinrin, T. O., Adeniyi, O., & Eboreime, I. V. (2013). Analysis of non-excusable delay factors influencing contractors' performance in Lagos state, Nigeria. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 18(1), 53.
Ika, L. A. (2012). Project management for development in Africa: Why projects are failing and what can be done about it. Project management journal, 43(4), 27-41. https://doi.org/10.1002/pmj.21281
Kamanga, M. J., & Steyn, W. J. (2013). Causes of delay in road construction projects in Malawi. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering, 55(3), 79-85.
Kaming, P. F., Olomolaiye, P. O., Holt, G. D., & Harris, F. C. (1997). Factors influencing construction time and cost overruns on high-rise projects in Indonesia. Construction Management & Economics, 15(1), 83-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/014461997373132
Kikwasi, G. (2012). Causes and effects of delays and disruptions in construction projects in Tanzania. In Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building-Conference Series, 1(2), 52-59.https://doi.org/10.5130/ajceb-cs.v1i2.3166
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30(3), 607-610. https://doi.org/10.1177/001316447003000308
Meng, X. (2012). The effect of relationship management on project performance in construction. International journal of project management, 30(2), 188-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.04.002
Nwachukwu, C. C. (2009). Client’s constraining factors to construction project management success in Nigeria: a systems analytical approach. International Journal of Development and Management Review, 4(1), 207-219.
Odeh, A. M., & Battaineh, H. T. (2002). Causes of construction delay: traditional contracts. International journal of project management, 20(1), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(00)00037-5
Omar, M. A., Fashina, A. A., & Fakunle, F. F. (2020). The status quo of Somaliland construction industry: A development trend. PM World Journal, IX(V).
Owolabi, J. D., Amusan, L. M., Oloke, C. O., Olusanya, O , Tunji-Olayeni, P. F., Dele, O., Peter, N. J. & Omuh, I. O. (2014) Causes and effect of delay on project construction delivery time. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(4), 197-208.
Pinamang, P. A., Adu Gyamfi, T., Danso, H., & Ampofo Kwame, J. (2018). Schedule delay analysis of construction projects in Ghana: objectives, importance and effects. Civil and Environmental Research, 10, 25-30.
Sambasivan, M., & Soon, Y. W. (2007). Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry. International Journal of project management, 25(5), 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2006.11.007
Santoso, D. S., & Soeng, S. (2016). Analyzing delays of road construction projects in Cambodia: Causes and effects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 32(6), Article 05016020. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000467
Sheikh, A. A., Fakunle, F. F., & Fashina, A. A. (2020). The status quo of building codes and construction practices in Somaliland: Practitioners’ perceptions. SPC Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(1), 4-11.
Sun, M., & Meng, X. (2009). Taxonomy for change causes and effects in construction projects. International journal of project management, 27(6), 560-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2008.10.005

Content Status: