Public Project Delay Monitoring by Implementation Coordination Unit

Nor Azirah Abdul Ghani, Syuhaida Ismail
DOI Number:
Malaysian government places high priority on the construction industry by allocating 60 percent from the total allocation for physical development of public project delivery. However, 113 on-going project are delayed and facing shortfalls in spending expenditure. Thus, it is important that these delay and over-budget problems being tackled by the Implementation Coordination Unit (ICU), who coordinates and monitors the implementation of the public projects. Hence, this paper is undertaken with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness in monitoring delayed pubic projects by ICU. This aim is achieved via objectives of identifying the causes of public project delay based on the monitoring by ICU, examining the monitoring tools currently used by ICU in monitoring public project delay, and proposing improvement measures for effective monitoring of the public project delay by ICU. Data was collected via document review, which is subsequently validated via questionnaire survey on the purposive sample of 16 monitoring officers at ICU and analysed via Microsoft Excel. It is found that the main causes of delayed public projects are contributed by contractor-related followed by project implementation-related, utility-related, land and site-related problems. Project monitoring systems currently used by ICU are Project Monitoring System II (PMS II) and Integrated Project and Tracking Analysis Updates (iPANTAU), which are claimed by the respondents as effective to identify and solve the problem of public project delay. The top proposed improvement measure for PMS II and iPANTAU are developing contractor score rating system based on their performance in PMS II and improve competency of monitoring officers, particularly on identifying the causes of delay before keying in the data into iPANTAU, respectively. This paper is expected to enhance the efficiency of these systems by providing accurate information needed to the stakeholders.
Public project delay, monitoring tools, Implementation Coordination Unit, Malaysia
Full Text: 
File download

Cao, Q., & Hoffman, J. J. (2011). A case study approach for developing a project performance evaluation system. International Journal of Project Management, 29(2), 155–164.

Cheung, S. O., Suen, H. C. H., & Cheung, K. K. W. (2004). PPMS: a Web-based construction project performance monitoring system. Automation in Construction, 13(3), 361–376. Retrieved from

Cox, R. F., Issa, R. R. a., & Ahrens, D. (2003). Management’s Perception of Key Performance Indicators for Construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 129(2), 142–151.

Durdyev, S., Omarov, M. and Ismail, S. (2017). Causes of delay in residential construction projects in Cambodia. Cogent Engineering, 4(1): 1-12.

Endut, I. R., Akintoye, A., & Kelly, J. (2005). Cost and Time Overruns of Projects in Malaysia. ICONDA Prooceedings of the 2nd Scottish Conference for Postgraduate Researchers of the Built and Natural Environment (PRoBE), (2001), 243–252.

Hamzah, N., Khoiry, M. A., Arshad, I., Tawil, N. M., & Che Ani, A. I. (2011). Cause of construction delay - Theoretical framework. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 20, pp. 490–495).

Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Unit Penyelarasan Pelaksanaan. (2014). Taklimat Pengenalan SPP II.

Jabatan Perdana Menteri, U. P. E. (2015). Buku Merah UPE, JPM : Langkah-Langkah Penambahbaikan Pelaksanaan Projek Pembangunan Rancangan Malaysia Lima Tahun (RMLT).

Jabatan Perdana Menteri, U. P. P. (2015). Laporan Tahunan ICU 2015 : Pemangkin Pembangunan Negara. Putrajaya.

Jabatan Perdana Menteri, U. P. P. (2015). Pengurusan Projek Awam : Konsep Pratikal Dan Realiti.

Liao, Y., & Qi, L. (2009). Knowledge management system in project-based organizations. In 2009 International Conference on Management of e-Commerce and e-Government, ICMeCG 2009 (pp. 156–159).

Nurul, A. J., Aminah, M. Y., Syuhaida, I., & Chai, C. S. (2016). Public construction projects performance in Malaysia. Journal of Southeast Asian Research, 2016(2016), 1–29.

Othman, A., & Ismail, S. (2014). Delay in Government Project Delivery in Kedah, Malaysia. Recent Advances in Civil Engineering and Mechanics, 248–254. Retrieved from

Poh, N. K. (2016). Framework of Project Management Key Performance Indicators for Medium-Sized Building Construction Industry in Malaysia.

Ramanathan, C., Narayanan, S. P., & Idrus, A. B. (2012). Construction delays causing risks on time and cost - A critical review. Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building.

Serrador, P., & Turner, R. (2015). The relationship between project success and project efficiency. Project Management Journal, 46(1), 30–39.

Yates, J. K., Asce, M., & Epstein, A. (2006). Avoiding and Minimizing Construction Delay Claim Disputes in Relational Contracting. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 132(April), 168–179.

Content Status: