The impact of foreign direct investment on international trade in the ECOWAS Region
Aizenman, J., & Noy, I. (2006). FDI and trade—two-way linkages? The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 46(3), 317-337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.qref.2006.02.004
Alfaro, L., Chanda, A., Kalemli-Ozcan, S., & S. Sayek, 2010. Does foreign direct Investment promote growth? Exploring the role of financial markets on linkages. Journal of Development Economics, 91(2), 242-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2009.09.004
Baier, S. L., & Bergstrand, J. H. (2006). Bonus Vetus OLS: A simple approach for addressing the "border puzzle" and other gravity-equation issues. 0351018 (March 2006).
Bhasin, N., & Paul, J. (2016). Exports and outward FDI: are they complements or substitutes? Evidence from Asia. Multinational Business Review, 24(1), 62–78. https://doi.org/10.1108/MBR-05-2015-0016
Blonigen, B. A. (2001). In search of substitution between foreign production and exports. Journal of International Economics, 53(1), 81-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1996(00)00066-0
Burange, L. G., Thakur, P., & Kelkar, H. K. (2017). Foreign direct investment and intra-industry trade in India’s manufacturing sector: A causal relationship. Foreign Trade Review, 52(4), 203–218. https://doi.org/10.1177/0015732516660797
Chakraborty, C., & P. Basu, 2002. Foreign direct Investment and growth in India: A co-integration approach. Applied Economics, 34(9), 1061-1073. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840110074079
Chang, Y. M., & Gayle, P. G. (2009). Exports versus FDI: Do firms use FDI as a mechanism to smooth demand volatility? Review of World Economics, 145(3), 447–467. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10290-009-0023-4
Daniels, J. P., & von der Ruhr, M. (2014). Transportation costs and US manufacturing FDI. Review of International Economics, 22(2), 299–309. https://doi.org/10.1111/roie.12110
De Groot, H. L., Linders, G. J., Rietveld, P., & Subramanian, U. (2004). The institutional determinants of bilateral trade patterns. Kyklos, 57(1), 103-123. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0023-5962.2004.00245.x
Dhakal, D., Rahman, S., & K. P. Upadhyaya, 2007. Foreign direct Investment and economic growth in Asia. Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 6(1), 15-26. https://digitalcommons.owu.edu/econ_pubs/13
Fontagné, L. (1999). L'investissement étranger direct et le commerce international. OECD Publishing.
Fontagné, L., & Pajot, M. (1997). How foreign direct investment affects international trade and competitiveness : An empirical assessment. Capri, 17, 1–45.
Ghatak, A. & F. Halicioglu, 2007. Foreign direct Investment and economic growth: Some evidence from across the world. Global Business and Economics Review, 9(4): 381-394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/GBER.2007.015101
Hanson, J. L. (2014). A dictionary of economics and commerce. ME.
Helpman, E. (1984). A simple theory of international trade with multinational corporations. Journal of Political Economy, 92(3), 451–471. https://doi.org/10.1086/261236
Jayachandran, G., & Seilan, A. (2010). A causal relationship between trade, foreign direct Investment, and economic growth for India. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 42, 74–88.
Jawaid, S. T., Raza, S. A., Mustafa, K., & Karim, M. Z. A. (2016). Does inward foreign direct Investment lead to an export performance in Pakistan? Global Business Review, 17(6), 1296–1313. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0972150916660394
Kang, K. (2012). Is the relationship between foreign direct investment and trade different across developed and developing countries? Evidence from Korea. Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 26(2), 144–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8411.2012.01343.
Le, T. H. 2017. Does economic distance affect the flows of trade and foreign direct investment? Evidence from Vietnam. Cogent Economics & Finance, 1403108 https://doi.org/10.1080/23322039.2017.1403108
Markusen, J. R. (1984). Multinationals, multi-plant economies, and the gains from trade. Journal of International Economics, 16(3–4), 205–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1996(84)80001-X
Metulini, R., Riccaboni, M., Sgrignoli, P., & Zhu, Z. (2017). The indirect effects of foreign direct Investment on trade: A network perspective. World Economy, 40(10), 2193–2225. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12504
Omri, A., & Kahouli, B. (2014). Causal relationships between energy consumption, foreign direct Investment, and economic growth: Fresh evidence from dynamic simultaneous-equations models. Energy Policy, 67, 913–922. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENPOL.2013.11.067
Pesaran, M. H., Shin, Y., & Smith, R. J. (2001). Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 16(3), 289-326. https://doi.org/10.1002/jae.616
Rahmati, M. H., Ebrahimian, M., & Madanizadeh, S. A. (2021). Dynamic effects of trade barriers with speculation on foreign currency: The case of Iran. International Economics, 167(July), 151–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.inteco.2021.06.005
Sahoo, K., & Sethi, N. (2017). Impact of foreign capital on economic development in India: An econometric investigation. Global Business Review, 18(3), 766-780. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972150917692198.
Sane, M. (2016). Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows to ECOWAS Member Countries: Panel Data Modelling and Estimation. Modern Economy, 07(12), 1517–1542. https://doi.org/10.4236/me.2016.712137
Sethi, N., Das, A., Sahoo, M., Mohanty, S., & Bhujabal, P. (2020). Foreign direct investment, financial development, and economic prosperity in major South Asian economies. South Asian Journal of Business Studies https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-12-2019-0225
Sohag, K., Begum, R. A., Abdullah, S. M. S., & Jaafar, M. (2015). Dynamics of energy use, technological innovation, economic growth and trade openness in Malaysia. Energy, 90, 1497-1507. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.06.101
Sun, P., Tan, Y., & Yang, G. (2020). Export, FDI, and the welfare gains from trade liberalization. Economic Modelling, 92(October 2019), 230–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2020.01.003
Swenson, D. L. (2004). Foreign investment and the mediation of trade flows. Review of International Economics, 12(4), 609–629.
Zhao, H., & Lin, B. (2020). Impact of foreign trade on energy efficiency in China’s textile industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 245(XXXX), 118878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118878