Competitive Intelligence and Competitive Advantage in Pharmaceutical Firms in Developing Economies: A Review of Lagos State, Nigeria
Ahmad, R. R., Khoso, I., Arif, K. A., and Palwishah, M (2014). Competitive intelligence and marketing effectiveness of organisations. An Investigation of European Scientific Journal. 10(13), 17-25.
Ahmed, R.R., V. Parmar and J. Ahmed. (2012). Factors that affect attitude towards generic drugs perception: Comparison of physicians and general practitioners of Karachi City. International Journal of Marketing and Technology, 2(11), 151-178.
Calof, J. L., & Miller, J. (1997). The status of CI across the globe. In Proceedings of the 12th annual conference of the Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals, Virginia: SCIP, 213-223.
Calof, J.L., and J. Miller. (1997). The Status of competitive intelligence across the globe. Proceedings of the 12th Australia Annual Conference of the Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals, 213-223.
Calof, J. L., & Skinner, B. (1998). Competitive intelligence for government officers: A brave new world. Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, 28(2), 38-43.
Calof, J. L., & Wright, S. (2008). Competitive intelligence: A practitioner, academic and inter-disciplinary perspective. European Journal of Marketing, 42(7/8), 717-730. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090560810877114
Charity, A. E., & Joseph, I. U. (2013). Manage competitive intelligence for strategic advantage. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(3), 1-9.
Dean, E. B. (1995). Parametric cost deployment. NASA Langley Research Center. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/api/citations/20040111319/downloads/20040111319.pdf
Egberi, A. K., & Okpako-Uyeh, I. O. B. (2011). Competitive intelligence and marketing effectiveness of corporate business organizations in Nigeria. International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment, 2(3), 98-113.
Elger, D. (2007). Theory of performance, Faculty Development Series. Pacific Crest. Empirical Survey, Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business, 1(6), 11-14.
Ettorre, B. (1995). Managing competitive intelligence. Management review, 84(10), 15-20.
Ezejelue, A. C., Ogwo, E. O., & Nkamnebe, A. D. (2008). Basic principles in managing research projects. Afritower Limited Aba-Nigeria.
Ferrier, W. J. (2001). Navigating the competitive landscape: The drivers and consequences of competitive aggressiveness. Academy of Management Jjournal, 44(4), 858-877. https://doi.org/10.5465/3069419
Fleisher, C. S. (2001). An introduction to the management and practice of competitive intelligence (CI). In C. S. Fleisher & D. L. Blenkhorn (Eds.), Managing Frontiers in Competitive Intelligence, 3-18.
Fleisher, C. S., & Bensoussan, B. E. (2003). Strategic and competitive analysis: Methods and techniques for analyzing business competition. Prentice Hall.
Fleisher, C. S., & Blenkhorn, D. L. (Eds.). (2001). Managing frontiers in competitive intelligence. London: Quorum Books.
Freud, J.E. (1990). Modern business statistics, London: Pitman Books Limited.
Fuld, L. (2004). Early warnings. Business tsunamis are approaching. Learn how to prepare. Pharmaceutical Executive, 24(4), 82-86.
Gabber, H. (2007). Competitive intelligence topology analyze for improved plan operation. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 107(2), 198-236.
Ganguly, A., Nilchiani, R., & Farr, J. V. (2009). Evaluating agility in corporate enterprises. International Journal of Production Economics, 118(2), 410-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2008.12.009
Ghannay, J. C., & Zeineb, B. A. M. (2012, September). Synergy between competitive intelligence and knowledge management: A key for competitive advantage. Proceedings of the 13Th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Vol. 1, 198-207.
Gilad, B. (1989). The Role of organized competitive intelligence in corporate-strategy. Columbia Journal of World Business, 24(4), 29-35.
Gilad, B. (1996). Business blindspots: replacing myths, beliefs and assumptions with market realities. London: Infonortics Limited.
Gilad, B. (2003). Early warning: Using competitive intelligence to anticipate market shifts, control risk, and create powerful strategies. AMACOM, American Managemet Association.
Haag, S., Cummings, M., & Phillips, A. (2007). Management information systems for the information age. Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Hughes, S. (2005). Competitive intelligence as competitive advantage. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management, 3(3), 3-18.
Ismail Al-Alawi, A., Yousif Al-Marzooqi, N., & Fraidoon Mohammed, Y. (2007). Organizational culture and knowledge sharing: critical success factors. Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(2), 22-42. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270710738898
Jaworski, B. J., & Kohli, A. K. (1993). Market orientation: antecedents and consequences. Journal of Marketing, 57(3), 53-70. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F002224299305700304
Juhari, A. S., & Stephens, D. (2006). Tracing the origins of competitive intelligence throughout history. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management, 3(4), 61-82.
Kahaner, L. (1997). Competitive intelligence: How to gather analyze and use information to move your business to the top. Simon and Schuster.
Karim, A. J. (2011). The value of competitive business intelligence system (CBIS) to stimulate competitiveness in global market. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(19), 196-203.
Kelly, M. (1993). Assessing the value of competitive intelligence. Journal of AGSI, 2(3), 104-112.
Kelly, M. (2005). The seven levels of intimacy: The art of loving and the joy of being loved. Simon and Schuster.
Murray, P. (2003). Organisational learning, competencies, and firm performance: empirical observations. The Learning Organization, 10(5), 305-316. https://doi.org/10.1108/09696470310486656
Nasri, W. (2011). Investigate competitive intelligence process: An exploratory study in unisian companies. International Business Research, 4(4). 62-73. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v4n4p62
Nasri, W., & Zarai, M. (2012). An empirical study of factors affecting attitude of salespeople toward competitive intelligence activities. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, 1(5), 89-118.
Neisbitt, E. (2001). Guide to write business research, Obafemi Awolowo University Press Limited, Nigeria.
Nemutanzhela, P., & Iyamu, T. (2011). The impact of competitive intelligence on products and services innovation in organizations. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 2(11), 38-44.
Nenzhelele, T. E., & Pellissier, R. (2013). Towards a universal definition of competitive intelligence. South African Journal of Information Management, 15(2), 1-7. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC140810
Ngugi, J. K., Gakure, R. W., & Mugo, H. (2012). Competitive intelligence practices and their effect on profitability of firms in the Kenyan banking industry. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 2(3), 11-18.
Noor-Ul, A., Mehwish, W., and Amber, J. (2013). Role of competitive intelligence in multinational companies. International Journal of Emerging Sciences, 3(2), 171-181.
Nwokah, N. G., & Ondukwu, F. E. (2009). Competitive intelligence and marketing effectiveness in corporate organizations in Nigeria. African Journal of Marketing Management, 1(1), 10-22. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMM09.005
Pelham, A. M. (1997). Market orientation and performance: the moderating effects of product and customer differentiation. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 12(5), 276-296. https://doi.org/10.1108/08858629710183257
Peltoniemi, M., & Vuori, E. (2008). Competitive intelligence as a driver of co-evolution within an enterprise population. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management, 4(3), 50-62.
Prescott, J. E., & Bhardwaj, G. (1995). Competitive intelligence practices: a survey. Competitive Intelligence Review, 6(2), 4-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/cir.3880060204
Priporas, C. V., Gatsoris, L., & Zacharis, V. (2005). Competitive intelligence activity: evidence from Greece. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(7), 659-669. https://doi.org/10.1108/02634500510630195
Saayman, A., Pienaar, J., De Pelsmacker, P., Viviers, W., Cuyvers, L., Muller, M. L., & Jegers, M. (2008, July). Competitive intelligence: construct exploration, validation and equivalence. Aslib Proceedings, 60(4), 383-411. https://doi.org/10.1108/00012530810888006
Sawka, K., & Hohhof, B. (Eds.). (2008). Starting a competitive intelligence function. Competititve Intelligence Foundation, Alexandria.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2003). Research methods for business, A Skill Building Approach, New York: John Willey & Sons. Inc.
Sewdass, N., & Du Toit, A. S. A. (2014). Competitive intelligence (CI) in Morocco. African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science, 24(1), 3-14.
Shih MJ., Liu DR., Hsu ML. (2008) Mining changes in patent trends for competitive intelligence. In: Washio T., Suzuki E., Ting K.M., Inokuchi A. (Eds.), Advances in knowledge discovery and data mining (pp.999-1005). PAKDD 2008. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol 5012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68125-0_105
Slater, S. F., & Narver, J. C. (1995). Market orientation and the learning organization. Journal of Marketing, 59(3), 63-74. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F002224299505900306
Smith, J., & Kossou, L. (2008). The emergence and uniqueness of competitive intelligence in France. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management, 4(3), 63-85.
Strauss, J. El-Ansary, A, and Frost, D. R. (2000). E-marketing. New York, Pearson Prentice Hall.
Raymond D. Frost, D. R., & Strauss, J. (2016). E-marketing. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315506531
Teo, T. S., & Choo, W. Y. (2001). Assessing the impact of using the Internet for competitive intelligence. Information & Management, 39(1), 67-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7206(01)00080-5
Thomas, K., & Allen, S. (2006). The learning organisation: a meta-analysis of themes in literature. The Learning Organization, 13(2), 123-139. https://doi.org/10.1108/09696470610645467
Uzoagulu, A. E. (2011). Practical guide to writing research project reports in tertiary institutions. Enugu: Cheston Ltd.
Wook Yoo, J., Lemak, D. J., & Choi, Y. (2006). Principles of management and competitive strategies: using Fayol to implement Porter. Journal of Management History, 12(4), 352-368. https://doi.org/10.1108/17511340610692734
Wright, S., & Calof, J. L. (2006). The quest for competitive, business and marketing intelligence: A country comparison of current practices. European Journal of Marketing, 40(5/6), 453-465. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090560610657787